(Reuters) – Sudanese Abdalla Hamdok has resigned as prime minister after failing to appoint a government under a deal with the leaders of the military coup.
Here is a timeline of the country’s political upheavals:
December 19, 2018 – Hundreds of people demonstrate in the northern city of Atbara against soaring bread prices, and protests spurred by a wider economic crisis have quickly spread to Khartoum and to other cities. The security services responded with tear gas and gunfire.
April 11, 2019 – The military topples Bashir, ending his three decades in power and detaining him. Hundreds of thousands of people demonstrate to demand a surrender from civilians.
June 3, 2019 – Security forces raid a sit-in outside the Defense Ministry in Khartoum. Doctors linked to the opposition say more than 100 people were killed in the assault.
August 17, 2019 – Civilian groups that supported the uprising sign an agreement to share power with the military during a transition period leading to elections. Later in the month, Abdalla Hamdok, an economist and former UN official, is appointed head of a government.
December 14, 2019 – A court convicts Bashir of corruption and sentences him to two years in a reorganization center.
March 9, 2020 – Prime Minister Hamdok survives an assassination attempt in Khartoum.
August 31, 2020 – Transitional authorities reach a peace deal with some rebel groups in the troubled region of West Darfur and the southern regions of South Kordofan and Blue Nile, but two key groups do not join the deal.
October 23, 2020 – Sudan joins other Arab states in agreeing to take steps to normalize relations with Israel under a deal brokered by the United States. Less than two months later, the United States removed Sudan from the list of countries it considers to be the sponsors of terrorism.
June 30, 2021 – Sudan obtains approval for at least $ 56 billion in external debt relief after carrying out economic reforms under the supervision of the International Monetary Fund.
September 21, 2021 – Amid unrest in eastern Sudan, transitional authorities say they foiled a coup attempt blamed on Bashir loyalists and mutineers, sparking bitter recriminations between civil and military factions .
October 25, 2021 – Security forces arrest Hamdok and several other high-ranking civilians in pre-dawn raids. Army chief General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan announces that the civilian government and other transitional bodies have been dissolved.
November 21, 2021 – After several mass rallies against the coup, military leaders and Hamdok announce an agreement for his reinstatement as prime minister. Hamdok says he has returned to prevent further bloodshed and protect economic reforms.
January 2, 2022 – Hamdok announces he is stepping down after failing to appoint a government amid continued anti-military protests.
(Editing by Sonya Hepinstall and Diane Craft)